Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Wildlife of the Great Lakes

The Great Lakes are a chain of five large, freshwater lakes that are located in central North America, astride the border of Canada and the United States. The Great Lakes include Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario, and Lake Superior and together form  the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth. They are contained within the Great Lakes watershed, a region whose waters discharge into the Saint Lawrence River and, ultimately, the Atlantic Ocean. The Great Lakes cover a total surface area of 95,000 square miles and hold about 5,500 cubic miles of water (approximately 20% of all the worlds fresh water and more than 80% of the fresh water of North America). There are more than 10,000 miles of shoreline that frame the Great Lakes and from west to east, the lakes span more than 750 miles. The Great Lakes formed during the Pleistocene Epoch as the result of the repeated glaciation of the region during the Ice Ages. Glaciers advanced and retreated time and again, gradually carving deep depressions in the Great Lakes River Basin. When the glaciers receded at the end of the last glacial period about 15,000 years ago, the Great Lakes filled with water left behind by the melting ice. The Great Lakes and their surrounding lands encompass  a wide variety of freshwater and terrestrial habitats including coniferous and hardwood forests, freshwater marshes, freshwater wetlands, dunes, grasslands, and prairies.  The Great Lakes region supports a diverse fauna  that includes numerous species of mammals, amphibians, birds, reptiles, and fishes. There are more than 250 species of fishes found in the Great Lakes including Atlantic salmon, bluegill, brook trout, Chinook salmon, Coho salmon, freshwater drum, lake sturgeon, lake trout, lake whitefish, northern pike, rock bass, walleye, white perch, yellow perch, and many others. Native mammals include the black bear, fox, elk, white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, river otter, coyote, gray wolf, Canada lynx, and many others. Bird species native to the Great Lakes include herring gulls, whooping cranes, snowy owls, wood ducks, great blue herons, bald eagles, piping plovers, and much more. The Great Lakes have suffered greatly the effects of introduced (non-native) species during the past two hundred years. Non-native animal species such as zebra mussels, quagga mussels, sea lampreys, alewives, Asian carps, and many others have greatly altered the Great Lakes ecosystem. The most recent non-native animal to have been recorded in the Great Lakes is the spiny water flea, a crustacean native to the seas of the Middle East that are now quickly populating Lake Ontario. Introduced species compete with native species for food and habitat and can also More than 180 non-native species have entered the Great Lakes since the latter part of the 19th century. Many of the introduced species have been transported into the Great Lakes in the ballast water of ships, but other species such as the Asian carp, have invaded the lakes by swimming through the man-made channels and locks that now connect the Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River. Key Characteristics The following are the key characteristics of the Great Lakes: the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earthaccount for 20% of all the worlds fresh wateraccount for more than 80% of the fresh water of North Americaintroduced species have greatly altered the Great Lakes ecosystemsupports more than 3,500 species of plants and animals Animals of the Great Lakes Some of the animals that inhabit the Great Lakes include: Lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) - The lake whitefish is a species of freshwater fish that belongs to the salmon family. Lake whitefish are found in all of the Great Lakes and are a valuable commercial species. Lake whitefish feed on bottom-dwelling invertebrates such as snails, clams, and the aquatic larvae of insects.Walleye (Sander vitreous) - The walleye is  a large freshwater fish native to the Great Lakes as well as most parts of Canada and the northern United States. Walleye are much recognized as icons of the places they inhabit—they are the state fish of Minnesota and South Dakota and they are the official fish of Saskatchewan.Yellow perch (Perca flavescens) - The yellow perch is a species of perch whose range includes the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River. Adult yellow perch feed on aquatic insect larvae, crustaceans, mysid shrimp, fish eggs, and small fish.Great blue heron (Ardea Herodias) - The great blue heron is a large wading bird common to fresh water wetland habitats throughout North American, including the Great Lakes. Great blue herons have a long, sharp bill that they use to capture a variety of small prey animals such as fish, crustaceans, insects, rodents, amphibians, reptiles, and birds.Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) - The Canada lynx is a medium-sized cat that inhabits the forests throughout Canada and Alaska. In the Great Lakes region, Canada lynx occurs around Lake Superior and on the northern shores of Lake Ontario and Georgian Bay, a large bay of Lake Huron that lies in Ontario, Canada. Canada lynxes are secretive, nocturnal mammals that feed on snowshoe hares, rodents, and birds.Moose (Alces alces) - The moose is the largest living member of the deer family. Moose inhabit the forests that border the northern shores of the Great Lakes. Moose are herbivores that feed on a variety of herbaceous plants and grasses.Common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) - The common snapping turtle is a widespread turtle that i nhabits freshwater wetlands east of the Rocky Mountains, including the Great Lakes region. Snapping turtles have a reputation for being quite aggressive.American bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeiana) - The American bullfrog is a large frog that occurs in wetlands in the Great Lakes region. American bullfrogs are predators that feed on small mammals, reptiles, and invertebrates. Sources Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. About Our Great Lakes. Published online at https://www.glerl.noaa.gov//pr/ourlakes/intro.htmlHarding JH. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Great Lakes Region. University of Michigan Press; 1997. 400 p.Kurta, A. Mammals of the Great Lakes Region. Revised Edition. University of Michigan Press; 1995. 392 p.US Environmental Protection Agency. The Great Lakes: An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book. 2012. Published online at https://www.epa.gov/greatlakesUS Environmental Protection Agency. Great Lakes Invasive Species. Accessed November 22, 2013. Published online at https://www.epa.gov/greatlakes

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Poem Alone By Edgar Allan Poe - 852 Words

The poem â€Å"Alone† by Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) is an autobiography that describe his life from a different perspective. Poe was orphan at the early age of three, his step parents send him overseas to study, and according to his own words he lived a very lonely life. The poem â€Å"Alone† summarizes, using figurative language, how Edgar A. Poe felt different than everybody else as a child, and how he was destined to be alone. He was condemned to be alone in life not just physically but also sentimentally. Since he was a child he knew that he was different than everybody else, and he could not experience true happiness. In order to express his feeling, he used symbolism and metaphor to give a deeper meaning to his words. The poem was wrote in couplets, and used alliteration to make it rhyme and to give the sad melody that accompanied the feelings behind the frustration expressed in the poem. The tone is very emotional, sad, sober, melancholically, and dark. It is evident when he used words like sorrow, stormy, ill, torrent, lighting, storm, and demon. E. A. Poe felt different than the other children because he was an orphan at the early age of 3. He was adopted by a wealthy family, but he never received the affection that a child needs. In the poem the symbolism displays his feelings in respect to this part of his life, he said in the first lines â€Å"From childhood’s hour I have not been/ As others were – I have not seen/ As others saw – Brea 2 I could not bring/ My passions fromShow MoreRelatedThe Life and Works of Edgar Allan Poe Essay1487 Words   |  6 Pages Throughout the life of Edgar Allan Poe, he suffered many unfortunate events and endured several difficult situations. Some speculate that it was these experiences that helped to formulate the famous writing style of Edgar Allan Poe. His dark tales such as The Masque of the Red Death and The Tell-Tale Heart are horrific, and his poems such as Alone and The Raven show evidence that his life experiences influenced their dreariness. Poes story plots and his own life are undeniably related andRead MoreWhy Should We Care?1748 Words   |  7 PagesWhy Should We Care?: Edgar Allan Poe â€Å"Few creatures of the night have captured [reader’s] imagination[s] like [Edgar Allan Poe]† (â€Å"Vampires†). Poe has fascinated the literary world since he first became known for writing in 1829, when he was just twenty years old (Chronology†). While he is widely known for exploring the macabre, his work is controversial because of its psychologically disturbing nature. Edgar Allan Poe is worth examining as an author because his many contributions to the literaryRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe; Fame Inspired by a Tragic Life865 Words   |  4 Pagespoet, Edgar Allan Poe, had been plagued by grief from an early age. He was an amazing poet and author who just happened to have a darker story. Many who have studied this prestigious man feel that his works, though magnificent, were extremely dark. Some believe it was nothing more then a fancy for him to spin such gruesome tales. Others feel his work was manipulated by the misfortune of his past. These people ha ve actually found evidence that agrees with this statement. The works of Edgar Allan PoeRead MorePersonal Life and Challenges of Edgar Allen Poe in the Poem Alone727 Words   |  3 Pages The poem â€Å"Alone† by Edgar Allan Poe depicts the personal life and challenges Poe faced as a child. For example, the poem begins with Poe explaining how he knew he was different from other children, this is apparent when Poe writes, â€Å"From childhoods hour I have not been/ As others were-- I have not seen† (Poe ll. 1-2). Poe further goes on to explain how he felt abandoned and apart from his peers, stating â€Å"And all I lovd-- I lovd alone† (Poe 8). I believe this explains how Poe felt alone afterRead MoreThe Childhood of Edgar Allan Poe Essay605 Words   |  3 PagesEdgar Allan Poe’s life was one of many sorrows and difficulties, filled with deaths of close family and many broken loves. Men disappointed him throughout the entirety of his life, and he saw wome n as angels that had come to redeem him from the depths of his depression and alcoholism. These occurrences, along with many others, especially those of his childhood, led Poe to become one of the greatest authors of his time. He is called â€Å"the father of horror and mystery†, as well as the father of scienceRead MoreThe Dark Romanticism Of Edgar Allan Poe1497 Words   |  6 PagesEdgar Allan Poe was a prominent writer during the era of Romanticism, but Poe’s poems focused primarily on the Dark Romanticism, developed under Romanticism. The era of Romanticism was commonly described as showing raw emotion, but there was still a conflict in the story. The purpose of Romanticism was for the writer to feel free; there were no rules when it came to this form of writing. Dark Romanticism was looking at the gothic side of stories rather than the heroism stories, which focused moreRead MoreThe Writings of Edgar Allan Poe803 Words   |  3 PagesEdgar Allan Poe The amazing, the people who inspire, who make people feel something with words on paper, authors. Authors have a special ability to create a separate world, but a great author lets us into their world and makes us feel something when we read their work. From all of the research Colton Coverston has done, he has come to the conclusion that Edgar Allan Poe should be in the top fifth American Authors on a top twenty greatest American author list. Edgar Allan Poe has written many piecesRead MoreSome Too Fagile For Winter Wind Analysis1679 Words   |  7 PagesDickinson the poem discusses nature that has alternative meanings. This is also shown throughout The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe. Both texts use nature to discuss how we face the harsh times in our life. Each of the texts shows a way that a person copes with the harsh times in their life while using nature. Throughout Some, too Fragile for Winter Winds by Emily Dickinson a mother is shown coping with the harsh times in her life after her children have died. While in The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe we see someoneRead MoreAnalysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s The Raven And The Fall Of The House Of Usher 896 Words   |  4 PagesEdgar Allan Poe is an extremely well known American writer and is famous for his horrific and mysterious works such as, â€Å"The Raven† and â€Å"The Fall of the House of Usher.† Poe was born in 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts in an era that seems to have many dark and ominous writers and pieces of literature originating from that time period. Poe is said to have launched the interest in many of the detective type stories that we read from modern day writers. â€Å"In the early 1800s, romanticism was the dominantRead MoreAnalysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s Poetry915 Words   |  4 Pages Edgar Allan Poe was one of the greatest writers of the 19th century. He is is well known for his gothic themes and disturbing characters. Unfortunately, Poe lived a life full of sorrow and pain, having n early everyone he loved die. His poem Alone is said to have been a confessional poem, recalling how Poe felt growing up. Poe’s use of repetition, metaphors, and imagery all aid in bringing the reader closer to understanding what was going on in Poe’s mind. The poem Alone was not published until

Our man lemuel Essay Example For Students

Our man lemuel Essay Our Man LemuelBy the end of Book II in Gullivers Travels, it is very clear that the character of Gulliver is not the same man who wrote the letter in the beginning of the story. In fact, he is not the same man he was in Book I. From the onset of Gullivers Travels, Swift creates for us a seemingly competent character and narrator in Gulliver. In his account we learn how his adventures have changed him and his perception of people, for the central theme of this story is how human nature and reason reflect society. On the whole, Gulliver is a very frustrating character to deal with for a number of reasons. For example, hes not steady; this unsteadiness as a narrator leads us to question the validity of what Gulliver tells us. This means that we have to be on our guard against what he says, and even though hes our guide, we cant follow him everywhere, which is just what Swift wanted. Gulliver makes many apologies for himself and his actions and puts us the reader emotionally involved in the story. Gulliver seems to direct a good deal of hostility toward us, creating a tinge of hostility back at him. Ultimately, Gulliver works as a narrator because we can relate to him and as a result find him engaging. We too can jump from emotion to emotion, but in the long run, Swift is not attempting to create an Everyman. This Gulliver is not, by any means a wholly allegorical character, but as much an individual as the next person. In certain ways, Gulliver proves to be more resilient than the average man b y managing to survive the disaster shipwrecks and people so foreign they might as well be aliens. Still in other ways Gulliver is a nave person, bereft of decency and consideration. Gulliver is an entirely credible and probable person at the same time that he is precisely the person to be the instrument for Swifts satire. In his incredible circumstances, Gulliver shows himself to be very resourceful and observant of his surroundings. With that he changes in relation to the places he visits and the events that befall him as he voyages. As a traveler in Lilliput, hes careful in his observations and complete in his descriptions. Occupied as he is with the surface of things, we see Gullivers problem of not seeing with eyes wide open. Gulliver wanes in his judgment of character as he becomes more and more narrow-minded as the story progresses. So do we still see him as a good, all-around type of guy?Lest we forget that he does get knocked around while hes traveling, a primary reason for his shift in attitude. In Lilliput he seems to be eminently fair-minded compared to the cunning, vindictive, petty Lilliputians. Literally a giant in their land, Gulliver never takes unfair advantage of his size in his dealing with them. Though theyre violent with him, he never retaliates. However in Brobdingnag, Gulliver appears Lilliputian in more ways than one. Still, his size is a dire problem. He is frequently injured, as the kings dwarf takes out his frustrations on Gulliver, but the latter is an improvement from his job as a freak at village fairs. Ultimately, Gulliver has a hard time keeping it together under the strain of repeated attacks on his ego, and in his dealings with the Brobdingnagian king, Gulliver appears as nasty and cruel as the Lilliputians themselves. This is his tone when he returns to England, an angry man who thinks himself more a Brobdingnagian than anything else.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Latin America Overview

This geographical term refers to the American areas where romantic languages including French, Spanish, and Portuguese are spoken. This section of America took a relatively long time to develop. The people of this region maintain their cultural roots such that they value their cultures a lot, and they always have some ties to their cultural roots.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Latin America Overview specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As of now, some of the areas of Latin America are largely underdeveloped, and the people of these places have to face this challenge (Rothchild 2004). However, this region has been going through a lot of development. This development has been spearheaded by many economic projects that have been started in the area. The area has been on a steady economic rise despite the fact that many challenges are still prevalent. Colonization of Latin America Before the European invasion, the indi genous elites, Incas and Aztecs, ruled this region. These were respected groups of people who were powerful, and they controlled the social, economic and political lives of the region. Some groups of people in this region did not favor the rule of the Incas and Aztecs, and they were ready to do anything to ensure that this rule was toppled (Charles 2006). The chance to do this presented itself with the invasion of the region by the Europeans. They helped the Europeans take power, and Christopher Columbus imposed European rule in this region. The Europeans divided the regions of Latin America in to colonies (Cristina 2005). Spain and Portugal were the main forces behind this, and they divided the region through a line of demarcation. By the 16th century, these two forces were the greatest influences in this region. However, the start of the 16th century saw other powers coming to claim the region. France was one of these powers, and it started controlling a large portion of Latin Ame rica. Introduction of New Culture The colonial powers had so much influence that they started introducing their culture to their subjects. The colonized people were expected to declare allegiance to their colonial masters. In doing this, these people accepted to do everything that their masters demanded. They were expected to learn the languages of their masters and take the culture of their colonizers fully. The introduction of this culture had a toll on the Latin Americans, and they started rejecting this move. This is because some people felt that their culture was being killed, and they wanted to save the situation (Charles 2006). Therefore, people started forming groups that were against the colonizers. However, the colonial powers had ways of discouraging such groups, and people affiliated with these groups were either punished or killed in public. As a result, people feared to criticize the colonial powers, and slowly, the culture of the colonizers started to take root.Advert ising Looking for essay on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The cultural clash brought about by the colonizers acted to divide the people. This is because people were no longer united by their cultural values, and so the ties of the whole society were weakened. In fact, the family became the only unit where people trusted each other. Different religions were introduced, and people of different races took different religions (Parry 1999). This furthered the differences between the people of Latin America, and they started to become strangers in their own land. However, people who embraced the same cultures became very close, and they maintain this culture even up to now. Therefore, Latin America, to some extent, is considered to be one of the regions that have maintained their culture. The differences that started forming as a result of colonization are still evident today. This is because the people of Latin America were divided such that the hatred, distrust and suspicion are still evident. Underdevelopment Theory (Latin America’s Case) Latin America is a region that is largely underdeveloped. Most of the nations in this region are still considered third world countries. Critiques of this scenario claim that this region should be much developed since it is a culturally rich area. Conservative thinkers try to explain this state of the region’s underdevelopment through arguments based on the culture of the place. The most notable mentality driving the culture of this place is the maà ±ana mentality. The other reason is that people follow their religion in strict terms, and this could also lead to this underdevelopment. For instance, the Spanish Catholicism acts against the Protestant work ethic, and this affects the development of this region. This region also lacks professional institutions. The lack of these institutions could also have led to underdevelopment since this region failed to catch up with other regions such as America as far as development is concerned (Fukuyama 2008). The fight for independence was tasking for all regions of America. These regions include the United States and other nations of Latin America. However, Latin America took a long time to gain independence and make new nations in the whole territory of Latin America. This affected the development of this region in that time that this region took to make new nations dragged development. The draw back of the Spanish also made important things like markets and technology to reduce (Fukuyama 2008). Therefore, this move affected the inexperienced people of Latin America, and it took a while to develop a firm footing upon which these people could use to foster their development. Progressive and Marxist intellectuals claim that this region is underdeveloped as a result of many factors; factors that can be traced back to the colonial powers that controlled the region. They claim that the European powers that controlled this region used a lot of violence in their control, and this affected the development of this region.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Latin America Overview specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This violence made the countries of Latin America have mono economies. These economies were tied to the imperial centres, and these countries still relied on these centres for technological advancement. Stereotypes The region of Latin America is faced with a lot of stereotypes. The American society does not recognize this region a lot, and this region has been side lined in many areas. For instance, a lot of printed or recognized American Literature does not cover a lot of literature from Latin America. In fact, it was found that Latino stories cover just 1% of all the stories found in American Media. This is a great throwback to this group of people. A lot of prejudices are held in relation t o the people of Latin America, and these people are considered the most violent in America. For instance, the American media showed that 66% of the major crimes committed happened in Latin America. However, this is not the case since America is a very big region, and the media just concentrates on every small crime in Latin America. In a nutshell, the American media seems to focus on the bad elements of Latin Americans, and this has made the Americans develop a negative attitude towards people who hail from this region of America (Grace 2009). Identity Building (Literary, Film and Musical representations of the Region) The region of Latin America has been faced by a lot of prejudices, and the people of this region have sought to address this. Therefore, they have been trying to correct the world’s perception of this region through film, literature and music. The Latin Americans construct their cultural identity through these mediums, and objectives have been achieved since so me of the songs, literature and music have received a global audience. These literary genres have helped this region grow in that many people have continued to appreciate the region. In fact, the region has continued to grow since it receives a lot of tourists who go on escapades in the region. The music of Latin America contains a lot of cultural messages in that it contains all aspects of the whole of Latin America. The culture of all regions of Latin America is imbedded in this music, and this gives this region a lot of musical appeal. The genres of the music of Latin America vary with the audience intended to receive this music. Every audience varies in its expectation of music, and this is taken care in different genres and styles of music.Advertising Looking for essay on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, most of this music advances the cultural message advancing the development of this region. In fact, all forms of contemporary music genres are found in Latin America. These forms include salsa, rock, reggae and other related forms of music. Western classical music is also prevalent in forms of Jazz and other classical compositions and scripted music. Just like its music, the Latin America film advances the good of the region. The film industry has also helped advance the image of this region. The film produced by the foreigners portrayed this region as a wasteland that had no much value. People who watched such films developed a bad attitude towards the region, and they felt that this region had nothing good. However, the people of this region wanted to correct this view, and they came up with films that rectified the stereotypes held against this region. They succeeded in doing this through incorporating humour in their film. This attracted a lot of audiences, and the good image of the region was sold to the world. Previously, the image was seen through the mirror of bad issues such as violence, drug abuse, sexual abuse and other related issues. However, the Latin American film portrayed these issues as a global menace that should be driven off the face of the earth. This is true in that these issues are distributed across the whole world, and they are not restricted to some areas alone. The written literature of this region has also advanced the image of the region. The region has produced writers who are famous in the whole world, and the writings of these people advance the importance of the culture of the people. This is a marketing strategy of the region since all people seek to be associated with some culture (Swanson 2002). Gabriel Garcà ­a is one of the most celebrated writers of this region, and his writings reflect the culture and aspirations of the region. The works of these people have been translated in different languages, and this has greatly influenced the perception of this region to the populace of various regions of the world (Hart 1999). Politics of South America The countries of South America have taken a socialistic drift. Socialist leaders have been elected in many countries of South America. This is because the people of South America are divided in to various social groups that ensure cohesion within the groups. The socialistic stand has made this region alienated to the other areas of the world that have taken capitalistic stands (Brian 2001). Most of the countries of the world have taken a capitalistic stand so as to be in line with the major powers of the world. However, the Latin American countries base their politics on socialism, and this has continued to disadvantage the region (Petras Morley 2005). Conclusion The region of Latin America has continued to face lots of challenges. The rich people in this region control as much as over 40% of the nation’s wealth, and this has a great disadv antage to the people. This wide gap is evident in large South American urban centers where some people live in slums and makeshift shacks with skyscrapers towering above them. Most of these people live on less that $2 per day while millions of dollars change hands in the same cities. This is a great undoing of the region, and this should be rooted out to make sure that the region catches up in development. Reference List Brian, L 2001, Chile: The Legacy of Hispanic Capitalism, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford. Charles, M 2006, 1491: New Revelations of the America’s Before Columbus, Vintage Books, New York. Cristina, J 2005, The Origins of Violence in Mexican Society, Praeger, London. Fukuyama, F 2008, Falling Behind: Explaining the Development Gap Between Latin America and the United States, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Grace, L 2009, America’s Backyard: The United States Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror, Zed Books, London. Hart, S 1999, A Companion to Spanish-American Literature, Tamesis, London. Parry, H 1999, The Spanish Seaborne Empire, University of California Press, Los Angeles. Petras, J Morley, M 2005, The United States and Chile: Imperialism and the Overthrow of the Allende Government, Monthly Review Press, New York. Rothchild, J 2004, Latin America Yesterday and Today, Praeger Publishers, New York. Swanson, P 2002, The New Novel in Latin America, Manchester University Press, Manchester. This essay on Latin America Overview was written and submitted by user Axel C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

boer war essays

boer war essays Comment on the "Imperial ideal" in the context of Britain at the end of the nineteenth century. 1.Britain was by the end of the nineteenth century a major power, which also included countries such as France, Russia etc. Britain had the largest empire in the world and her economy had the biggest output. Her navy was exceptionally large and advanced compared with other states. She was dominant in wars such as the Crimean War and was seen as a role model that other countries looked up to. The attitude of the British public was that of superiority and believed their culture should be spread across the world. They believed that they were the first race in the world, and that the more of the world they inhabited the better it was for the human race. They felt they had the right to intervene ie Britain tried to take control of south Africa from the Boers as they not only wanted to spread their empire through Africa but it was a stopping point for ships travelling to India for trade. 2)Explain why Britain's experience of the Boer War led to her coming out of splendid isolation between 1899 and 1904 Splendid isolation is closely associated with Lord Salisbury who felt that Britain should keep out of foreign policies and keep to themselves. He felt that Britain should make no alliances or close relationships with any particular country. This created a reputation held by other states as Britain being very arrogant. This period of isolation was between 1895 and 1902. It can be argued that the Boer War was a cause of splendid isolation ending. The reason Britain went to war with the Boers was not only to do with control over the natives but the discovery of gold. Britains declaration of war was seen by the British public as a means of protecting their vital economic interests and stamping british authority in the region. ...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Analysis Study Of Colonial Discourse In Literature

Analysis Study Of Colonial Discourse In Literature Colonial discourse has been defined by many writers such as Diniz (1996:126) who points out hat â€Å"Colonial discourse usually refers to the writing which runs from five hundred years, through the days of European mercantile expansion, to our own time (1996:126). This definition suggests that the era of Colonialism in literature began in the 17th C. with the publication of Shakespeare’s The Tempest (1611-12). In this paper, however, the term is used to refer to the literature written in English, but confined to the century of British Colonialism and the decades of anti- or post colonial activity which followed. Said’s Orientalism (1978) uses the concept of colonial discourse to re-order the study of colonialism. So it can be said to inaugurate a new kind of study of colonialism. Said’s Orientalism examines how the East, including the Middle East, is represented in the history and the literature written by the West. The West always looks at the East as inferio r people without religion or morals. Said’s projecttries to show how knowledge about the non-Europeans was part of the process of maintaining power over them. In short, Orientalism is primarily concerned with how the Orient was constructed by Western Literature and not with how such construction was received by colonial subjects. It examines the Western attitudes toward the East. Said concludes that the Western writers depict the Orient as â€Å"irrational,† â€Å"week† and â€Å"feminised other†. This depiction can be contrasted with the depiction of the West as â€Å"rational†, â€Å"strong† and â€Å"masculine†. Said’s Culture and Imperialism (1994) Colonial discourse is a concept popularized by Edward Said. In this paper, it refers also to the knowledge of Africa constructed by the West (colonial writers: as Defoe and Conrad) to bolster its colonizing interests, and the reaction of the East (colonized writers as: Achebe). C olonial discourse has not been the product of a certain age and it has attracted the attention of several writers and critics. Those celebrated authors as Conrad and Defoe created remarkable works out of the subject of Colonialism. Nowadays, Colonial discourse is one of the most current issues in literary criticism. 1.2. Life and Works of Defoe, Conrad and Achebe 1.2.1. Life and Works of Defoe: Danial Defoe was born about 1660 in London. His father, James Foe, was poor but hard working butcher. Defoe was not able to attend traditional institutions like Oxford and Cambridge because of his father’s opposition. Defoe is often considered the father of English novel. He is a master of simple prose and powerful narrative with a love of realistic detail. He is a great imaginative writer who creates one of the most familiar resonant myths of modern literature. He is influenced by the writings of Addison, Steel and Swift. Defoe’s important works are: Robinson Crusoe (1719), Mol l Flanders (1722), Capitan Singleton (1720) and The History of Peter the Great and Colonel Jack (1722). Defoe died in London on April 24, 1731. 1.2.2. Life and Works of Conrad Joseph Conrad was born in December 3, 1857. His childhood was affected by his homeland’s struggle for independence. He is a Polish novelist and short story writer. Conrad is one of the English language’s greatest stylists. He becomes one of the greatest writers in the world. His major works include Heart of Darkness (1902), Lord Jim (1900), The Secret Agent (1907), Under the Western Eyes (1911) and Nostrome (1904). He died of heart failure on August 3, 1924.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Assimilation(white policy) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Assimilation(white policy) - Essay Example This way, assimilation allows ways of life to be kept alive through choice by not enforcing laws and policies that ensure people follow only the given and prescribed Australian culture. Migrants get an opportunity to retain their sense of belonging to their native society despite being in a completely new environment with disparities in ways of life (Henry and Kurzak, 2012). In addition, assimilation is the best way to go in regard to inculcating and coming up with a unified society. This is because a society using assimilation gets an opportunity to evaluate itself and adapt appropriately in order to meet the needs of the new population, as well as its own needs. This is because different cultures have different characteristics, and each may have its own strengths and weaknesses and, as a result, assimilation allows different populations to borrow values that are positive or appealing to them from the immigrants and include them in their own. This is for the creation of a wholesome society that does not fight within itself under the guise of cultural values, followings and predispositions. In addition, the issue of disunity does not arise in assimilation since all population follows a given and harmonized culture that is widely accepted by all. As such, migrants and natives are able live harmoniously and with acceptance of each other as all attempts to get along due to the common culture that they are expected to follow. In relation to rights and freedoms, assimilation allows the entire Australian population to enjoy similar rights and freedoms (Guess, 2010). This is in spite of the presence of foreign migrants, aboriginals and native Australians. Because of assimilation, all populations are bound to live under the same umbrella of living conditions, where no single population group experiences disparity concerning privileges and responsibilities (Murphy,